The White House has issued a presidential proclamation that will impose travel restrictions and quarantines on travelers from China. Health and Human Services Secretary Alex M. Azar II announced late Friday in a White House press conference that the coronavirus outbreak has been declared a U.S. public health emergency. The restrictions will take effect on Sunday, February 2 at 5pm Eastern time.
The presidential proclamation will temporarily bar the entry of foreign nationals coming from mainland China in the 14 days preceding their attempted admission to the United States.
However, the following groups of foreign nationals are exempt from the ban:
- U.S. lawful permanent residents;
- The spouse of a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident;
- The parent or legal guardian of a U.S. citizen or permanent resident, if the U.S. citizen or permanent resident is unmarried and under the age of 21;
- The sibling of a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident, provided that both are unmarried and under the age of 21;
- The child, foster child, or ward of a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident, or who is a prospective adoptee seeking to enter the United States pursuant to the IR-4 or IH-4 visa classifications;
- A foreign national traveling at the invitation of the U.S. government for a purpose related to containment or mitigation of the virus;
- Nonimmigrant crewmembers;
- Foreign nationals seeking entry or transiting the United States under an A-1, A-2, C-2, C-3, G-1, G-2, G-3, G-4, NATO-1 through NATO-4 or NATO-6 visa;
- A foreign national whose entry would not pose a significant risk of transmitting the virus, as determined by the Centers for Disease Control; and
- A foreign national whose entry would further important U.S. law enforcement interests or would be in the U.S. national interest.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services will impose a mandatory quarantine of up to 14 days on U.S. citizens who have visited China’s Hubei province within 14 days of their attempted entry. U.S. citizens who visited other parts of mainland China within the previous 14 days will undergo advanced health screening at one of seven designated ports of entry, as well as a monitored self-quarantine of up to 14 days. The quarantine is also expected to apply to lawful permanent residents and immediate family members of U.S. citizens and permanent residents, and others exempt from the travel ban.
The travel restrictions will take effect on Sunday, February 2, at 5pm Eastern time. At that time, the United States will also start channeling all flights from China as well as flights with passengers who have visited China to seven airports — John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York, Chicago O’Hare International Airport in Illinois, San Francisco International Airport in California, Seattle-Tacoma International Airport in Washington, Daniel K. Inouye International Airport in Hawaii, Santa Barbara International Airport in California, and Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport in Georgia.
In addition to these travel restrictions, the U.S. Embassy and Consulates in China have canceled immigrant and nonimmigrant visa appointments scheduled for the week of February 3, following the Chinese government’s decision to impose restrictions on large gatherings. The State Department has indicated that it hopes to resume routine visa services as soon as possible, though it is unable to provide an exact date at this time.
Starting February 2, foreign nationals who have recently visited mainland China and who are not immediate relatives of U.S. citizens or green card holders will not be admitted to the United States until the proclamation has been lifted. This includes foreign nationals who hold a valid nonimmigrant visa to the United States.
While U.S. citizens will be permitted to enter the United States, they must travel through one of the seven designated ports of entry. Those who physically visited Hubei Province will face a mandatory quarantine upon their arrival, while those who visited mainland China face an immediate health screen and instructions for self-quarantine. U.S. lawful permanent residents and the immediate family members of U.S. citizens and permanent residents should also be prepared for these measures.
Foreign nationals with visa appointments or awaiting visa issuance from U.S. consulates in China should check with the relevant consulate for the latest information on closures and consular operations.